The rainy season, this June, brings with it an uptick in the mosquito population.Mosquitoes, in turn, bring with them several diseases, including malaria and Dengue. Learn how to keep their population down with these measures.
Get rid of standing water.
Mosquitoes lay their eggs in standing water. Make sure there aren't any in your home, within or without. Replace the water in flower vases regularly. Make sure you don't leave anything that can be a repository for standing water, especially out in the yard. Common culprits include discarded tin cans, tires, and pottery. Opt to make a thorough inspection of your yard after a spell of rain. Take note of areas and items that collect or hold water and attend to them.
Keep your gutters clean.
Make sure your rain gutters are clean and clear of dry leaves and other things that can serve as obstacles. Make sure that they drain properly, and that the drainage area doesn't collect water and form puddles around the area.
Attend to pools and ponds.
If you have a pool, treat the water with chlorine. If you have a small pond, best introduce mosquito-eating fish into it or use mosquito larvicide which should kill the mosquito larvae on the surface, but leave your fish and other water-based plants and animals unharmed.
Attend to the yard.
The yard – your garden, your backyard – is breeding ground for mosquitoes. Tend to it regularly. During the day, mosquitoes like to stay in the shade. The less shade there is, the less hiding places they'll have. Mow the lawn, trim your bushes, prune back hedges and trees. Get rid of leaf litter and mulch, which can also serve as breeding grounds. You can also have your yard sprayed with insecticide by an exterminator. However, take note that this option may disrupt the natural ecology of your garden, as other insects, not just mosquitoes, will be harmed by the chemicals. Alternatively, you can use safer, all-natural and organic mosquito repellents instead, like citronella-based sprays.