Saturday, July 11, 2015

8 Essentials for the Medicine Cabinet


Every home should have a well-stocked medicine cabinet on hand. For your health and safety, make sure you have the following:


A thermometer
There are many types of medical thermometers. Modern thermometers are electronic or digital. Traditional thermometers are made of glass and filled with alcohol or mercury. These medical thermometers measure bodily temperature by placing one end under the tongue, in the ear, or under the armpit. Make sure you have at least one thermometer in your medicine cabinet.

Paracetamol
Paracetamol reduces fever. Get 500 mg tablets for adults, and 200 mg tablets for children. Paracetamol is also available in syrup form. Follow the recommended dosage for adults and children.

Ibuprofen
Ibuprofen is a pain reliever with anti-inflammatory properties. They're handy against headaches and muscle pain. Get 500 mg tablets or capsules for adults, and 120 mg tablets or capsules for children.

Cough medicine
Cough medicine varies depending on the type of cough. Make sure you have medicine for dry cough and mucus-producing cough. It helps as well to have sore throat medication on hand. Lozenges can alleviate sore throat caused by viral and bacterial infections and allergies. Honey, which has antibacterial properties, is also soothing to the throat.

Cold medicine
Pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine are common decongestants that relieve the nasal cavity of mucus. It's available in tablet, capsule, and syrup form.

Antihistamines
Antihistamines alleviate allergic reactions. They can be oral or topical. Make sure you have both. Tablets, capsules, and syrups are normally taken to reduce symptoms such as runny nose or cough. Topical antihistamines, which come as creams or ointments, are administered on the skin to relieve itching and swelling.

Antacids
Made up of calcium carbonate, antacids or anti-acid medication reduces acidity in the stomach, which is often the result of consuming acidic foods and beverages such as coffee or alcohol. 

Treatment for skin wounds
Band-Aids, gauze, medical tape, and cotton swabs are a must to treat cuts, abrasions, and minor wounds on the skin. Alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, and povidone-iodine can be applied to the affected area to disinfect. Antibacterial ointments and creams may also be used to protect and moisten a closed wound or minor burn. 


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