A "land title" is an official record stating the rightful owner of a piece of land. Without it, the land owner can't legally claim that the land is his, especially in a real estate transaction.
Land registration is conducted on a "first in registration, first in right" basis, according to the Land Registration Authority (LRA), the government agency in charge of the registration process. The LRA is the only regulatory body authorized to process and issue land titles.
The LRA has detailed the registration process at the Register of Deeds in five steps, as follows:
1. The applicant must submit the conveyance instrument and supporting documents to the Register of Deeds located within the municipality, district, or city in which the land is found. For a list of the required documents, visit the LRA's FAQ section. 2. The claimant must pay the corresponding fees, which include fees payable to the Clerk of Court, the Sheriff, the Register of Deeds, and the LRA. For the list of fees, refer to this document on the LRA website.
3. An examiner will have to process the documents to check whether all requirements have been met.
4. If all the requirements have been met and deemed valid, the register of deeds will approve the applicant.
5. The register of deeds will print out a new land title and issue it to the applicant.
For more resources on land titles and registration, visit lra.gov.ph.